The ability to read these lines is undoubtedly an indication that our brain works well, but there are vital indicators we owe not only to it. A new study shows that in fact, a person has a second brain and is located in the area of the intestine . And he’s a lot smarter than we’d guessed in the first place, considering his location.
Anatomically the so-called second brain is not even an approximate copy of the main brain, but it represents a similar set of millions of neurons . Forming a matrix, they can control the functioning of the intestinal muscles autonomously without the involvement of the central nervous system.
The neurons in question are located along the colon that connects the small intestine to the rectum. In medicine, this structure is more often referred to as an intestinal nervous system, but due to the fact that it can function independently and without control from the central nervous system, the second brain is now called. Even if it sounds exaggerated, this name sufficiently fully characterizes the serious role of this vast group of neurons. They are involved in maintaining a number of important processes, and the control of the final stages of food processing in the intestinal tract is the most elemental of them. The details of established human brain functions were published in the journal JNeurosci at the end of May.
The presence and functions of this neural structure are traced through high-precision imaging techniques . It has been found to transmit a variety of intensity and frequency signals that strictly regulate the movement of waste products through the colon and rectum until they are finally discharged from the body. The process is not insignificant as any error in it can lead to serious intoxications and other negative health consequences.
The team tracked the activities of the second brain in the human body determines the structure as an independent neurological department and it means as h roared nervous system . Processes similar to those occurring in it are also observed in the early stages of brain formation . However, according to scientists, this does not mean that the intestinal nervous system is a secondary structure. On the contrary. They believe that evolutionally it is older and has evolved before the central one. Thus, the complex of neurons in our intestinal system can be considered as the ” primary brain””Of the human organism. Ie. the brain system in humans and other mammals has evolved as a means of ensuring nutrition as a major life process and has subsequently evolved into a more complex structure that controls every life process.
This is the first serious study on intestinal nerve endings in humans. Surely there will be further studies to identify all of their peculiarities, which will require a serious strain of the brain. Both brains.