First aid in insect bites and ticks

Simple bits of bees, axes or hornets are rather painful than dangerous. Bleeding, pain and swelling may occur at the site of the bite. Repeated insect bites, especially in people with allergies, pose a potential danger to the health of the injured person.

Bites in the area of the mouth and throat are very dangerous as they can cause upper respiratory tract!

After an insect bite, we always have to investigate the victim for a possible allergic reaction that can cause allergic shock!

Aim of the assistant :

– Reduce edema and pain at the site of the bite.
– Organize transportation to a hospital if necessary.

Attention! Special circumstances: If an insect bite has been in the mouth, there is a risk of swelling of the soft tissues of the tongue or the palate that can close the upper respiratory tract and cause suffocation!

In such cases, put under the tongue of the affected ice cube. If you do not have ice, give him a frog mouth with ice cold water.
Organize the transportation immediately to the nearest hospital.Image result for First aid in insect bites and ticksIf the insect is still on the skin of the victim, remove it with the flat side of your nail. The use of sharp objects to remove the insect such as a knife or tweezers can injure the integrity of the skin and more poison penetrates the bloodstream.

If possible, immediately place an ice or cold compress for 10 minutes. If the victim is allergic, urgent consultation with a doctor is required.

Bite by a tick . They are small spider insects inhabiting lawns and woodlands. They attach to the skin of the host and suck blood. These animals carry various diseases and infections, so they must be removed as soon as possible, preferably within 24 hours.

Removing a tick.

– When detecting a tick, smear the place with oil and leave it for 10 minutes.

– Attach the head of the toothbrush, close to the skin, with sharp-edged tweezers. Try to catch as much as possible with the tweezers

– With a slow rotating motion, counterclockwise, remove the tick from the place.

– Make sure the whole tick is removed, not just his head. If any part of it remains in the skin, the remainder should be removed in a health care facility. When you remove the tick, save it, you may need to be examined.

– Wash the wound with water and disinfect it

Advise the injured person to consult a physician:

– If redness occurs at the site of the bite

– If other symptoms (eg fever, headache, joint pain)
occur – If the bite-bitten woman is a pregnant woman