Anorexia is one of the diseases gained wide public during the past few decades, and it Gervais are easily recognizable, often causing slander the streets, where with concern and sympathy, where pure gossip.
We think that we are aware of the essence of the problem – these are people, often young women who are neduvletvoreni of appearance and weight and have declared battle of weight, go to extremes and subjecting their lives at risk. But is this just anorexia?
Man is a social animal, and often both the basis and the solution of his problems can be found in the society he is inhabiting. There is no controversy, the public position is obviously set against eating disorders, particularly anorexia, but attitudes and good intentions are not always enough. As they say, get to know the enemy to beat him or in other words – that’s what we need to know about anorexia.
According to the international ranking of disease states, its name is “Anorexia nervosa”. When it comes to an already developed clinical picture, it is presented at two conditional levels – superficial (visible) pathology and basal one.
It is obvious to these people that they suffer from low body weight, dehydration, low blood pressure, slow heartbeat, limb bruising, low body temperature, massive neuroendocrine changes affecting the hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal glands, thyroid gland and ovaries. women – amenorrhea ( lack of menstruation ).
Nutritional behavior is abnormal – tight diets continue, despite weakness, while adherence to them becomes fanatical, the range of “permitted” foods is getting more and more tense. The act of feeding itself becomes strange, dictated by rituals – in certain places, at certain times, the food is taken slowly, cut into small pieces, arranged meticulously and stereotyped in the plate – food game.
Gradually, these measures extend to the family table, cooking, shopping and eating of relatives.
At the same time, energy consumption behaviors – whether sports, walking, sitting straight, unnecessary climbing stairs, and hyperactivity in general – are increasing .
The affected become incomprehensible to others, throw away their interests and activities, isolate themselves from peers. Their mood is labile, with increased irritability, anxiety, neurotic manifestations and obsessive-compulsive ones. Their sleep is disturbed, with a typical early awakening.
Central, underlying pathology
What causes the visible pathology, namely – fear of self-weight, a gust of weakness and a food phobia . In this sense, anorexia is a phobic avoidance where the object of the phobia is its own normal weight, which also determines the ego-syntactic nature of the disease (this is a disorder which, although bearing some discomfort, the sufferers do not object to it because it somehow satisfies certain psychological needs).
At its core is the perceived perception and perception of one’s own body, the broken concept of self. There is an inaccurate perception of the dimensions, proportions and limits of the body as well as body exhaustion – inaccurate identification and expression of feelings such as hunger, saturation, cold, fatigue, etc. Self-assessment is unstable and over-dependent on external criteria.
Why should we seek the help of a specialist?
Nutritional disorders commonly begin slowly and subtly and remain unnoticed for months and years. But if we find his scars to be close, we must surely seek a specialist.
These disorders usually last for an average of 2-4 years, and in some cases to 7-10 or more, with 50-75% of the patients being healed, 15-20% chronically and the mortality rate is 0.5 to 20%. Nutritional disorders are the number one cause of death among women between 15 and 30 years of age. The most common cause of such a fatal outcome is the body complications of the disease and suicide – in about one third of cases. Nearly one-third of the patients make one or more suicide attempts.